Highland Dancing

The Open Championship will take place on Saturday 18th August. The morning’s competition (Groups A & B and all Nationals) will commence at 10am with the presentation at approx. 1pm. The afternoon’s competition (all other championships) will commence at 1.30pm with the presentations at approx. 4.30-5pm


1. Highland Fling
2. Sword Dance
3. Seann Triubhas
4. Strathspey & Reel of Tulloch
5. Barracks Johnnie
6. Highland Laddie

Age Group Events 

Group A: (7 & under10) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Group B: (10 & under 12) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Group C: (12 & under 14) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Group D: (14 & under 16) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Group E: (16 & under 18) 1, 2, 3, 4
Group F: (Adult 18 years & over ) 1, 2, 3, 4

History of Highland Dances

Highland Fling

Together with the Sword Dance, the Highland Fling is probably the most famous of the Scottish Highland Dances. Tullochgorm was the earliest form of Highland Fling, but towards the end of the 18th century it had undergone changes and improvements. It is thought to have evolved about 1790, when legend has it that a shepherd boy on a hillside watched stags rearing and wheeling. The boy tried to copy the stag’s antics and hence we have the graceful curve of the hands and arms depicting the stag’s antlers. The dance should be danced on the same spot throughout, because clansmen traditionally danced on their targes (leather covered studded shield).

Sword Dance

Originated in 1054 when Malcolm Canmore crossed his sword over the sword of his slain opponent, symbolizing the sign of the Cross, and danced over them in exultation. After that, the dance would be performed before a battle. If the sword was touched it was deemed to be a bad omen! Before 1850, the steps were danced clockwise round the sword, not anti-clockwise as nowadays.

Seann Truibhas

Said to reflect the Highlanders contempt at having to wear trousers when the kilt was prohibited after the 1745 rebellion. The Act of Proscription in 1746 banned the wearing of Highland dress, the carrying of arms and the playing of bagpipes. In other words, the dance originated as a political protest. The slow tempo shows the dancers attempt to shake off the offending garment and the fast tempo shows the pleasure at the rescinding of the ban in 1782. Many of the movements are balletic and are influenced by French style of embellishments such as pirouettes.

Strathspey & Highland Reel

Very little reliable information is known about the origin of Strathspeys and Reels, but they are known to have been danced towards the end of the 17th century and Jacobite days. The slow movement is thought by many to be a mourning dance following the path of the river “Strath” in the valley of the “Spey”. The Highland Reel is a quicker and livelier form of the Strathspey and was known to have been taught from about 1740.

Barracks Johnnie

An army recruiting dance. It depicts the strength and agility and determination which comes from a soldier’s vigorous training.

Highland Laddie

A Hebridean dance. It may have been danced as an invitation to a lassie to join a handsome lad for a stroll!